In this regard, Ouchi points out that, “If there are rival business associations or if the ethnic organizations are in conflict with each other, you must get them together for their common good and for the good of the children” (20).


The research concerning the impact of conflict and what forms conflict can assume in school systems showed that a wide range of conflict types can occur between and within school boards, school administrators, teachers, parents, and the surrounding community, including language, differences concerning the importance of various federal and state mandates such as the No Child Left Behind Act, and the types of curricular offerings that should be provided. Other sources of conflict included basic differences over individual values and preferences, and because resources are by definition scarce, budget issues were also shown to be common source of conflict.

In the final analysis, it is reasonable to conclude that conflict will always occur in any organizational setting, and school systems are no exception. As with other organizations, though, conflicts can either serve as a detriment to progress and improvement or as an opportunity to find better ways of delivering the high-quality educational services students need today.

Works Cited

Anderson-Butcher, Dawn and Deb Ashton. 2004, January. “Innovative Models of Collaboration

to Serve Children, Youths Families, and Communities.” Children & Schools 26(1): 39-


Fueuerstein, Abe. 2009. “School Board Ethics and Effectiveness.” Planning and Changing,

40(1/2): 3-4.

Gee, Kimberly. 2009. “Establishing a Constitutional Standard That Protects Public School

Teacher Classroom Expression.” Journal of Law and Education 38(3): 409-411.

Howell, William G. Besieged: School Boards and the Future of Education Politics.

Harrisonburg, VA: The Brooking Institution, 2005.

Ouchi, William.

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