North Korean Intelligence:
Throughout its history, North Korea has continued to harass South Korea for as long as these countries have been separated by imaginary line and roadblocks. Since the country invasion upon South Korea in June 1950, North Korea has been a thorn in the daily lives of South Koreans. North Korea has been able to maintain such relations because of intelligence collection capabilities on the Korean Peninsula. The Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea or North Korea has a comprehensive intelligence gathering structure and several people conducting the intelligence operations. The three main agencies in the intelligence unit are the Ministry for Protection of State Security, Korean Workers Party, and the military intelligence arm.
North Koreas Intelligence Collection Methods:
One of the most evident aspects regarding North Korea is that the country seems to be in a constant mission to gather intelligence on the Korean Peninsula. This is largely because the countrys intelligence and security agencies are enhancing their operations against South Korea. Actually, North Korea adopted a strategy that is geared towards combining the intelligence and security organs under the powerful National Defense Commission in its 2009 to 2010 re-organization.
North Koreas intelligence collection capabilities are a direct reflection of the various missions undertaken by the country and its ability to carry out such operations (Erickson, 2009). North Koreas gathers intelligence against South Korea and the United States on the Korean Peninsula though various methods that enable the country to accomplish its missions. Some of the most commonly used techniques for intelligence collection by North Korea include:
This is one of the methods for intelligence collection as the Reconnaissance Bureau of the General Staff Department is mandated with the task of gathering strategic, tactical, and operational intelligence for North Koreas Ministry of the Peoples Armed Forces.
This department accomplishes its mission by infiltrating intelligence personnel into South Korea through tunnels in seaborne insertion and demilitarized zones. These special operations and intelligence personnel were established to breach South Koreas fixed defense, develop a second force in the enemys territory, and carry out strategic and battlefield investigations (Pike, n.d.).
Spying Agencies and Missions:
The second major technique used by North Korea in intelligence collection is through spying agencies and spying missions, which are conducted by various spies. In 2009, the country scrapped two of its spy agencies to strengthen a third agency under the Ministry of Defense. The main aim of the spy agencies is to enhance the military authority and capability to conduct its missions. Spying agencies and missions help in enhancing the militarys control in intelligence-collection and lessening redundancy.
Cyber Warfare Unit:
North Koreas intelligence collection capabilities include the use of a cyber warfare unit that attempts to hack into South Korea and the United States military networks. These hacking attempts by the countrys cyber warfare unit are for the purpose of collecting confidential information that could be beneficial in disrupting service. In the past few years, North Koreas military expanded the cyber warfare unit that included staffing the unit with approximately 100 personnel.
Cell-Phone Usage Detection:
The other intelligence collection technique used by North Korea on the Korean Peninsula is the detection of cell-phone usage. The country strengthened the detection of cell-phone usage when 40 agents of National Security Agency inspection group were posted to Shinuiji (Jin, 2007). The countrys authorities have installed mobile.