The second assessment carried out by the convention in 2011 indicated that the status of transboundary waters is improving in many parts of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) but identified that most water resources are still being subjected to poor management, pollution, industrial effluents, unsustainable production and varied consumption trends and inefficiencies in water usage, and climate change have become major threat to water resources both in short and long run (UNECE Report, 2011).
The meeting of the second convention held in Geneva, Switzerland on September, 2011 came up several findings in their ministerial conference that transboundary waters covers more than 140 transboundary rivers, 25 transboundary lakes, about 200 transboundary ground waters and 25 Ramsar Sites and other wetlands of transboundary importance.. This second assessment provides relevant information and stimulus for governments, river basin organizations and international and non-governmental organizations to take action to improve the status of the transboundary waters and related ecosystems.
In reference to article 2, 5 c of the general provisions, Water resources shall be managed so that the needs of the present generation are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs, but Initiatives to develop a common understanding of major challenges facing the use and management of transboundary waters is still an issue in many countries like, China and Kazakhstan, China and Russian federation.
Likumi, (2011).The Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes. Retrieved on November 18, 2011 from http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=210165&from=off
UNECE Report,(2011). Second Assessment of Transboundary Waters in wider Europe shows
Improvements over the past Decade Amidst Emerging Concerns. Retrieved on November 18, 2011.